The Extent of the Atonement
Some famous remarks by John Owen
"For though the Arminians pretend, very speciously, that Christ died for all men, yet, in effect, they make him die for no one man at all, and that by denying the effectual operation of his death, and ascribing the proper issues of his passion to the brave endeavors of their own Pelagian deity."
To which I add this dilemma to our Universalists:- God imposed his wrath due unto, and Christ underwent the pains of hell for, either all the sins of all men, or all the sins of some men, or some sins of all men. If the last, some sins of all men, then have all men some sins to answer for, and no man be saved. . . . If the second, this is it which we affirm, that Christ in their stead and room suffered for all the sins of all the elect in the world. If the first [that X died for all the sins of all men] why, then, are not all freed from the punishment of all their sins? You will say, "Because of their unbelief; they will not believe." But this unbelief, is it a sin, or not? If [it is] not, why should they be punished for it? If it be [a sin], then Christ underwent the punishment due to it, or not. If [he did] so, why must that hinder them more than their other sins for which he died from partaking of the fruit of his death? If he did not [die for that sin of unbelief], then did he not die for all their sins. Let them choose which part they will.